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April 12, 2011
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PROJECT EDUCATE - FRACTAL WEEK: Feature Frenzy: Fractal Art and Architecture Photography


:la: For more about projecteducate Fractal Week events take a look at NatalieKelsey's journal :la:


For an architect, there's something utterly fascinating in geometry, especially in fractals: take the extra step and change the scale of your architectural perception, from a landscape vision to an urban one, from a building to a single room, from a façade to the surface of the raw material... and then turn and repeat your journey backwards. Try to focus on the symmetries and dimensional laws, on the textures and patterns, on the succession and arrangement of spaces and shapes. You can easily notice that there's often a natural and subtle order, and inconscious emulation of natural structures and laws, and nature quite always follows Fractal geometry rather than Euclidean.
That's probably why in Fractal images I can often see volumes and spaces, patterns and details, structures and buildings, cityscapes and citymaps, huge planetary settlements and tiny microscopic details of material textures.

Let's think about the growth of human settlements in the landscape. Cities and anthropized territories usually expand themselves following the same rules/patterns they're made of, with different scales. Ba-ila villages in southern Zambia (Africa) are clearly structured on a fractal design aziarts.com/air/Resource%20Pic… , and so are several other settlements all over the continent hans.wyrdweb.eu/wp-content/upl… www.designers421.org/wp-conten… .
Biological Subdivision by Gazoogleheimer City Map 2 by Ometheon On Fractal Grounds Pt. 3 by esintu Cityscape 2 by ka78 Jakarta City by Hengki24 011010 by Pasternak
Now just think about the traffic system in a city: it could remind you of the circulatory system in a human body. See how the "veins" become "capillaries", repeating the same structural pattern in a gradually narrowed scale from the center to the edges.

Fractal geometries have influenced and inspired builders, architects and artists throughout history: think about the precise proportions classic buildings were built with. Golden Ratio ruled not only the general dimensions of the various fronts, but also every single element even to the tiniest scale.
Think about Indian, Cambodian and south-eastern asian palaces and temples.
:India: Temple. by nebpixel Mausoleum by Kaeltyk palace in India... by gosiekd Buddhist Temple by MakinMagic :thumb124033904:
Think about Gothic buildings all over Europe.
Reims Cathedral by frenchllama CATHEDRAL by renderix Cologne Cathedral by MixedMilkChOcOlate The West Wing of St. Apo by AmorinaAshton
Think about Baroque and Rococo palaces and churches, and the rough, curved and extremely detailed surfaces and volumes of Gaudì's buildings at the beginning of the past century.
Sagrada Familia, Barcelona by utOpik-mind Sagrada familia by hyperben2
Think about Le Corbusier's Modulor: human body and proportions (and thus Fibonacci Numbers and Golden Ratio) as base dimensions to plan the whole building and spaces.
Le Corbusier by sebikotane
And don't forget Organic Architecture - see Frank Lloyd Wright and all the modern studies regarding computerized generation of biological buildings which could completely emulate natural structures and life, breathing, growing and interacting with the environment like biological organisms.
Frank Lloyd Wright - Chicago by BarbarriVeyron Kajo by magnusti78 Guggenheim 4_spider by tomasNY Tempest by OutsideFate Alien ant farm by CatchMe-22
Many of the most famous and important architects of the present days still focus their compositions and expressive/functional research on similar geometric and dimensional criteria.
In Memoriam by HighStatic topographie des terrors 1 by d-gap Waves 1 by StellaSsj Overwhelmed by Singin-Gipsi Moebius String by Traspae Z22 by analogphoto

Here's a showcase of beautiful examples of Fractal Art and Architecture Photography: I mixed them together, sometimes it's not that easy to tell the difference :D
cities of tomorrow by lyc Tiles by redchicken88 Cube by leguen Crazy Nine by Nightline Yellow by SaTaNiA Reticle by theslider Broken Mirror by vinxibit 120807 by Pasternak Baroque Symmetry by p0rphyrogene The Onion by raun Menger Towers by AureliusCat Concentration by OutsideFate Follow me upwards by zuckerblau Perception by milleniumsentry Life Circle 3 by triggertamay Structural Integrity by DsyneGrafix Geometry II by laurentroy ALIENCITY by love1008 Santral - 2 by darqangel Future by Juniae

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES:

Some interesting websites about Fractal Architecture:
:bulletwhite: Fractals and Fractal Architecture
:bulletwhite: Fractals in the New Architecture - by Nikos A. Salingaros
:bulletwhite: Connecting the Fractal City - by Nikos A. Salingaros
:bulletwhite: Biothing
:bulletwhite: Fractals in Architecture - University of Yale
:bulletwhite: Fractal Architecture
:bulletwhite: Self-similarity, Fractals and Architecture
:bulletwhite: VANGUARQ - beyond architecture
:bulletwhite: (ITA) Daniele Capo, "La natura frattale degli ordini architettonici", Nexus Network Journal, vol. 6 no. 1 (Spring 2004)
:bulletwhite: (ITA) I Frattali e l'Architettura

Some interesting books:
:bulletwhite: Bovill, Carl "Fractal Geometry in Architecture and Design", 1995, A Birkhäuser book
:bulletwhite: Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray Silverstein "A Pattern Language", 1977, Oxford University Press
:bulletwhite: Ron Eglash "African Fractals: Modern Computing and Indigenous Design", 1999, Rutgers University Press
:bulletwhite: Nikos A. Salingaros "A Theory of Architecture", 2006, Umbau-Verlag, Solingen
:bulletwhite: "Nexus: Architecture and Mathematics" series, published by Kim Williams Books
Add a Comment:
 
:iconwafagan14:
wafagan14 Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2011  Student Interface Designer
As I had mentioned earlier Marina City (the twin towers in organic architecture far left) was not designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, but by Bertrand Goldberg
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:iconlindelokse:
lindelokse Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2011   Digital Artist
:faint: you're right, I apologize! Thanks for correcting me!
Reply
:icon00recon00:
00Recon00 Featured By Owner May 18, 2011
thanks for this amazing article.
maybe someday in the future one about nature/fractals ? :):):)
Reply
:iconlindelokse:
lindelokse Featured By Owner Jul 17, 2011   Digital Artist
thank you very much :thanks:! please forgive me for such a belated reply, my inbox is a real mess :forgiveme:!
Fractals and nature is a more common theme (and probably more fascinating :giggle: ) and there are much more articles and informations about that, you can check this nice article by `SaTaNiA if you want [link] which belongs to the 2011 ^projecteducate series as well ;)
Reply
:iconwhitekimahri:
WhiteKimahri Featured By Owner Apr 21, 2011
Articolo eccellente, Chiara! Hai realizzato un articolo davvero stupendo, ricco di immagini e molto affascinante! :clap:

Essendo sempre stato molto interessato ai frattali sin dalle superiori ero a conoscenza della presenza della geometria frattale in natura (giusto qualche giorno fa osservavo le capocchie di una palla di cavolo... le mie mani avrebbero potuto far fuggire le persone per l'odore che emanavano, ma a prezzo di una esperienza visiva molto interessante! :giggle:), ma non avevo mai avuto modo di apprezzarne l'influenza in architettura!
Talvolta non ho saputo riconoscere quali delle immagini che hai inserito nell'articolo fossero frattali e quali no.

Eccezionale davvero! Ancora i miei più vividi complimenti! :clap:
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:iconlindelokse:
lindelokse Featured By Owner Apr 28, 2011   Digital Artist
:hug: grazie mille :aww:!!! sono davvero contenta che ti sia piaciuto, speravo davvero che potesse rendere interessante anche per gli altri un legame per me così affascinante tra arte astratta e solida artificiale realtà ;)
e... :evillaugh: haaaa ho ingannato anche te con i miei mixaggi ad hoc tra frattali e foto :giggle:!!!
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:icongosiekd:
gosiekd Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2011
:worship:
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:iconlindelokse:
lindelokse Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2011   Digital Artist
:thanks: :bow: :aww:!!!
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:iconlirulin-yirth:
Lirulin-yirth Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2011
:iconthumbsupplz:
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:iconlindelokse:
lindelokse Featured By Owner Apr 20, 2011   Digital Artist
:aww: :thanks: :highfive:!
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